The Address of President Nursultan Nazarbayev on 18 June 2009
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That is why we have to start re-visioning the non-proliferation mechanisms. For over 40 years the main task of Non-proliferation treaty – its comprehensive universality, has never been solved. The treaty could not unite all nuclear powers and states that are yet to obtain this status.
KAZAKHSTAN & NON-PROLIFERATION
1. Kazakhstan once had the fourth largest nuclear arsenal in the world.
2. The denuclearized zone was the first to be created in the Northern Hemisphere.
3. The Treaty was the first multilateral security agreement to bring together all five Central Asian countries.
Finally, for the first time ever, a denuclearized zone has been created in a region that borders two nuclear states (Russia and China).
In June 2007, Kazakhstan ratified the Convention on Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) & Toxin Weapons and on their destruction (BTWC). Thus, Kazakhstan has joined all major international instruments of nonproliferation.
Kazakhstan is party to all 13 universal instruments against terrorism - actively supporting the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism launched by the Presidents of Russia and the U.S. in 2006.
Last year (2008), within the framework of this initiative, Kazakhstan hosted a special ‘Atom-Antiterror-2008’ exercises at the Institute of Nuclear Physics and the meeting of international experts for the ‘physical protection of the nuclear materials’ at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant.
In particular, it is thought that the UNDP, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and UNFPA should actively collaborate in efforts to take stock and define future directions.